Administrative Conference of the U.S (ACUS) was established as a federal agency. It is responsible for investigating and reforming federal administrative practices and procedures.
Details about the organization of the ACUS are provided under 5 USCS § 595. The ACUS is organized as follows
1. The chairman
The ACUS is headed by a full-time chairman. The U.S. president appoints the chairman with the advice and consent of the Senate. The term of the chairman is fixed as five years. The chairman is the only person receiving remuneration in the form of salary in ACUS. The chairman can continue to serve in office until his/her successor is appointed and has qualified. As chief executive of the ACUS, the chairman is to report only to the U.S. president and Congress. The chairman presides at meetings of the ACUS Council and at each plenary session of ACUS.
In the capacity of chief executive, the chairman has power to make inquiries into matters important for the ACUS consideration. Such matters include proposals by individuals inside or outside federal government. The chairman shall be the official spokesman for the ACUS in relation with several branches and agencies of the federal government and with interested organizations and individuals outside the government. The responsibility of encouraging federal agencies to carry out recommendations made by the ACUS lies with the chairman. On the chairman’s request, the federal agency heads provide information as permitted by law. It is the duty of the chairman to prepare budget estimates for ACUS. The chairman can also utilize services and facilities of federal agencies and of state and private agencies and instrumentalities with or without reimbursement. The chairman can accept, administer, and utilize gifts, devises, and bequests of property, for aiding and facilitating work of the ACUS. Such gifts will be considered gifts to the federal government. When a head of an agency requests, the chairman can advice on matters of administrative procedure
2. Council of the ACUS
The council is the governing body of the ACUS. The 11-member council is governed by the chairman. There are other 10 members who are appointed by the U.S. president. During the absence or incapacity of the chairman or when the office is vacant, the vice chairman serves as chairman. Except that of the chairman, the term of office of each member is 3 years. When the term of office of a member ends, he/she can continue to serve as a member until a successor is appointed. The term of any member will end when there is a change in employment status that makes the person ineligible for council membership.
The primary function of the 11-member council is to call the ACUS into session. The council has power to determine the time and place of plenary sessions of the ACUS and create agendas for the sessions. The council must call at least one plenary session every year. It is the function of the council to propose bylaws and regulations. The council of the ACUS makes recommendations to ACUS members regarding improvement of administration machinery of federal agencies.
The ACUS council designates a member to preside at meetings of the council in the absence or incapacity of the chairman and vice chairman. The council can also approve or revise budgetary proposals made by the chairman
3. ACUS Assembly
According to 5 USCS § 593 number of appointed members in ACUS will be between 75 and 101. This includes the chairman of ACUS, and other members of the ACUS council. The ACUS assembly has ultimate authority over every activity of ACUS. The assembly has power to adopt appropriate recommendations for improving administrative procedure. A member who disagrees with a recommendation can enter a dissenting opinion and an alternate proposal in the record of ACUS proceedings. An opinion and proposal so entered shall be included in recommendation published by the ACUS. The assembly also has powers to adopt bylaws and regulations for carrying out functions of the ACUS.